1 edition of Paracrine control found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographies and index.
|Statement||P. Franchimont, guest editor.|
|Series||Clinics in endocrinology and metabolism -- v. 15, no. 1.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiii, 211 p. :|
|Number of Pages||211|
$ Local Control of Sertoli Cell Function: Paracrine Factors Produced by Peritubular Myoid Cells and Cytokines (Acta Biomedica Lovaniensia) Paperback Author: Eva Hoeben. Homeostasis as seen through paracrine control. A brief look at this fascinating control mechanism of the body.
2. Paracrine cell signaling is mediated by a signaling molecule acting locally to regulate the behavior of a nearby cell. An example is the action of neurotransmit-ters produced by nerve cells and released at a synapse. See Box 3-A for a summary of the four major families of paracrine signaling molecules. 3. It might secrete a protein, called " regulatory ", which could perhaps inhibit the aromatase activity of the other follicles through a paracrine mechanism. Regulation of ovarian functions Ovarian functions are under the control of cyclic pituitary gonadotropic hormones, which in turn are subjected to stimulation by the hypothalamic peptide.
The epidermis is the first line of defense against ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. Keratinocytes and melanocytes respond to UV exposure by eliciting a tanning response dependent in part on paracrine signaling, but how keratinocyte:melanocyte communication is regulated during this response remai . Thanks to compartmentalized cardiac and vascular receptors, these substances, through activation of local autocrine and paracrine circuits, regulate cardiovascular homeostasis in health and disease. In particular, biomedically oriented research has extensively analysed CAs and NPs in mammals, since these substances are regarded with interest in.
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Paracrine regulators, as described in chap are molecules produced by one tissue that help to regulate another tissue of the same vessels are particularly subject to paracrine ically, the endothelium of the tunica interna produces a number of paracrine regulators that cause the smooth muscle of the tunica media to either relax or contract.
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of control is known as paracrine control. Similarly, the secretions of one endocrine cell may alter the activity of the same cell, an activity known as autocrine control. Thus, endocrine cell activity may be modulated directly from within the endocrine gland itself, without the.
Read the latest articles of Clinics in Endocrinology and Metabolism atElsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature. There has been an explosive growth of interest in the multiple interacting paracrine systems that influence renal microvascular function.
This review first discusses the membrane activation mechanisms for renal vascular by: Paracrine signaling is a form of cell signaling or cell-to-cell communication in which a cell produces a signal to induce changes in nearby cells, altering the behaviour of those cells.
Signaling molecules known as paracrine factors diffuse over a relatively short distance (local action), as opposed to cell signaling by endocrine factors, hormones which travel considerably longer distances via. Autocrine and Paracrine Control of Breast Cancer Growth by Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin Article (PDF Available) April with 46 Reads How we measure 'reads'.
In this respect, it is relevant to notice that the paracrine control of glucocorticoid production by 5-HT has also been described in lower vertebrates indicating that this process is an evolutionary conserved mechanism (Contesse et al. Nitric Oxide Is Involved in Vasodilation and Control of Blood Pressure.
One of the essential paracrine signaling molecules is the gas nitric oxide (NO). Nitric oxide is produced by a family of enzymes known as nitric oxide synthases. Blood vessels contain several layers of. The primary function of the gastrointestinal tract is to supply nutrients to our bodies via the processes of ingestion, motility, secretion, digestion, and absorption; this occurs through complex coordination of digestive processes that are regulated by intrinsic endocrine and nervous systems.
Although the nervous system exerts influence on many digestive processes, the GI tract is the largest. They are called paracrine regulators if they are produced within one tissue and regulate a different tissue of the same organ (table ).
In the following discussion, for the sake of simplicity and because the same chemical can function as an autocrine or a paracrine regulator, the term autocrine will be used in a generic sense to refer to.
Learn how cells communicate with one another using different kinds of short- and long-range signaling in our bodies. Neural and Endocrine Signaling.
The nervous system uses two types of intercellular communication—electrical and chemical signaling—either by the direct action of an electrical potential, or in the latter case, through the action of chemical neurotransmitters such as serotonin or norepinephrine. Paracrine control of tissue regeneration and cell proliferation by Caspase-3 K Boland, 1, 2 L Flanagan, 1 and J HM Prehn 1, * 1 Department of Physiology and Medical Physics, Centre for Systems Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Saint Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.
Diminished Paracrine Regulation of the Epithelial Na+ Channel by Purinergic Signaling in Mice Lacking Connexin 30 Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2) The initiation of an intestinal tumour is a probabilistic process that depends on the competition between mutant and normal epithelial stem cells in crypts1.
Intestinal stem cells are closely. Paracrine Signaling can also occur via Gap junctions. In Paracrine signaling, signaling can occur via gap junctions made up of connexin proteins.
This serves as communication channel among adjacent local cells. A good example of paracrine signaling via gap junctions is the motility of peristalsis as food bolus flows down the esophagus.
Secretion of glucagon from the pancreatic α-cells is conventionally seen as the first and most important defense against hypoglycemia. Recent findings, however, show that α-cell signals stimulate insulin secretion from the neighboring β-cell.
This article focuses on these seemingly counterintuitive local actions of α-cells and describes how they impact islet biology and glucose metabolism. ATP and adenosine act locally as paracrine factors to stimulate the myogenic juxtaglomerular cells of the afferent arteriole to constrict, slowing blood flow and reducing GFR.
Conversely, when GFR decreases, less Na + is in the forming urine, and most will be reabsorbed before reaching the macula densa, which will result in decreased ATP and. Paracrine definition: relating to a hormone whose release only affects tissue surrounding the gland that | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples.
In biology, juxtacrine signalling (or contact-dependent signalling) is a type of cell / cell or cell / extracellular matrix signalling in multicellular organisms that requires close contact. Hence, this stands in contrast to releasing a signaling molecule by diffusion into extracellular space, or the use of long-range conduits like membrane nanotubes and cytonemes (akin to 'bridges'), or the.
Endocrine paracrine and autocrine signaling - Duration: Shomu's Biol views. I Survived The Holocaust Twin Experiments - Duration: BuzzFeedVideo Recommended for you. The role of these paracrine factors in the physiological control of the adrenocortical function remains unclear, especially for cortisol production which is principally dependent on ACTH secretion.
However, it appears likely that intraadrenal bioactive signals are involved in the regulation of aldosterone secretion which is partly independent.